C. S. R. Murthy is a professor of international organisation in the School of International Studies at Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi. He has authored and/or edited four books, and has written nearly 50 book chapters and research papers on international conflicts; security, peacekeeping a...
- Ethnic and indigenous groups in Nepal’s peacebuilding processes
Clare Castillejo , 17 March 2017
- East Asian perceptions of the UN and its role in peace and security
Sebastian von Einsiedel , Anthony Yazaki , 27 May 2016
- Engaged societies, responsive states: The Social Contract in situations of conflict and fragility
Marco Mezzera , David Sogge , Sarah Lister , 27 April 2016
- The role of ex-rebel parties in building peace
Clare Castillejo , 16 March 2016
- India’s global foreign policy engagements – a new paradigm?
Devika Sharma , Jason Miklian , 12 February 2016
- Bringing the region back in? Deciphering India’s engagement with South Asia
Jayashree Vivekanandan , Jason Miklian , 8 February 2016
- The evolving domestic drivers of Indian foreign policy
Atul Mishra , Jason Miklian , 19 January 2016
India’s approach to the protection of civilians in armed conflicts
C. S. R. Murthy, 15 November 2012
India’s approach to the issue of protecting civilians during armed conflicts is built on legal, ethical, political and policy considerations. India condemns the use of oppressive violence in armed conflicts, regardless of who commits it, and holds that the protection of civilians should be in conformity with international law and the principle of sovereign equality. Accordingly, it views demands for automatic access to civilians as a violation of both the Fourth Geneva Convention and the principle of the sovereignty of states.
India believes that the trigger for the invocation of R2P should be mass atrocities. However, there is no agreement on what constitutes war crimes and crimes against humanity. As a policy guideline, India suggests that any action by the international community and the UN Security Council must be pragmatic and proportional to the threat to civilians, and should be based on credible and verifiable information.
While critical of the NATO air strikes against Libya in 2011 that resulted in civilian casualties, India pleads for adequate procedures to ensure that those who act in the name of the Security Council should be accountable for their actions. It attributes UN peacekeepers’ failure to protect civilians to lack of resources and non-co-operation from the parties concerned.