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Non-state actors and South Caucasus security: the role of NGOs, transnational corporations and religious organisations

Licínia Simão, 19 March 2013

Following the collapse of Soviet structures, security dynamics in the South Caucasus became closely related to the process of the consolidation of viable and effective states. This entailed, among other things, managing private, non-official activities, which began to develop as a means of survival outside official structures. Since the 1990s the liberal capitalist projects promoted in the region have brought in Westernised structures of social mobilisation and accumulation of wealth and power, i.e. NGOs and multinational corporations, respectively. This policy brief looks at the elements in the post-communist context that favoured the consolidation of non-state actors as challengers of and contributors to state power, from a national, regional and structural perspective. Looking at NGOs, transnational corporations and religious organisations, it deals with the main security implications of this proliferation of new actors for state consolidation and regional stability, including the role of external players in addressing these issues.

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