Elisa Tarnaala is an adviser at CMI, the Martti Ahtisaari Centre. Her current work focuses on peace and transitional processes in West and Central Africa, as well as Colombia in South America. She is a social historian who holds a PhD in political science and history from the New School for Socia...
- Building the Peace. Rural Education and conflict in Colombia
Mabel González Bustelo , 9 December 2016
- The Venezuela Crisis, Regional Dynamics, and the Peace Process in Colombia
David Smilde , Dimitris Pantoulas , 24 August 2016
- The humanitarian impact of the new dynamics of the armed conflict and violence in various regions of Colombia
Francisco Rey Marcos , Joséphine Dubois , 19 August 2016
- Mujeres en grupos armados y fuerzas combatientes: Lecciones aprendidas desde perspectivas de género en programas de DDR
Elisa Tarnaala , 15 July 2016
- Innovations in the Colombian peace process
Kristian Herbolzheimer , 27 June 2016
- Building up a peace infrastructure for Colombia: lessons from implementing the Victims Law
Silke Pfeiffer , 22 October 2015
- Territorial peacebuilding in Colombia: the opportunity to do what has not been achieved before?
Silke Pfeiffer , 10 July 2015
Women in armed groups and fighting forces: lessons learned from gender-sensitive DDR programmes
Elisa Tarnaala, 23 June 2016
Despite their involvement in strategic, material and logistical support and combat, women’s roles as "soldiers" and "victims" are narrowly defined by post-conflict programmes. Most disarmament, demobilisation and reintegration (DDR) programmes are limited in the ways in which issues specific to female combatants are addressed. Gender-sensitive DDR programming must be linked into the entire peace process, from the peace negotiations through peacekeeping and subsequent peacebuilding activities. This process should include issues such as identifying women and setting the appropriate criteria for their entering DDR processes; understanding identity issues and obstacles facing women’s post-conflict political participation; targeting women as larger units with their children and partners rather than merely as individuals; addressing female health and psychosocial needs; and sensitisation to the particular issues around the gender dimensions of violence and community acceptance. This report highlights lessons learned from gender and DDR processes and notes that with regard to territorial implementation, national DDR commissions should be encouraged to work closely with government entities in charge of gender and women’s affairs, and – especially where governments are responsible for all or part of the DDR process – with women’s peacebuilding networks that can serve as bridges in the transition to civilian life, and facilitate social, political and economic reintegration.
The Spanish version of the text can be found here.