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About NOREF

George Joffé

George Joffé is a lecturer in the Department of Politics and International Studies, Cambridge University. He specialises in the Middle East and North Africa.

Research areas:  Africa , Middle East and North Africa , Global trends

Publications

Can Europe and the U.S. disengage from the Middle East?
Royal Marines in Afhanistan by Defence Images with CC licence from Flickr (CC BY-NC 2.0) George Joffé 2 June 2016
Western policy towards the so-called Islamic State (IS) in the Middle East is inextricably intertwined with the policies of the European Union and the U.S. towards the civil war in Syria, Iran and the sectarian crisis in Iraq. In consequence, neither can disengage from the affairs of the Middle East. more  
“Something wicked this way comes”: case studies. Background to the new extremist challenge in the Middle East and North Africa
A Nahal Brigade Excercise by Israel Defence Forces with CC licence from flickr https://www.flickr.com/photos/idfonline/11322835096/in/photolist-kG346M-p38ZDW-pjmb7T-p38ZsJ-ifyuoL-kG2uRP-dVRbP9-c7txBs-k1qRq6-k1q7jt-k1q84z-qYpw4y-qYovP5-gVLnx8-qjaBAe-qjaBst-ggsMJs-ok4KQg-ok3YxA-kVXJbX-kVYFTE-qYpvY3-ggsNQA-ggt472-ggt9PW-oBxTDZ-ok4LrX-ggt6aw-o99qT2-c7txij-dVRbuo-c7txx7-nRDSi9-dVRbHh-nRDFhS-dVRbpL-dVKzR6-dVRbJd-dVKztr-dVRbSL-ichBbR-dVKzVV-dVRbxG-ichB2x-ichAA2-ichfiS-dVRbq5-dVRbGU-dVRbAQ-ichmww George Joffé 20 April 2015
In a previous NOREF report (”Something Wicked This Way Comes”: Background to the New Extremist Challenge in the Middle East and North Africa ), the background to recent events in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) was analysed. The current report seeks to unpack these issues and demonstrate how they contribute towards the g... more  
“Something wicked this way comes”: background to the new extremist challenge in the Middle East and North Africa
Lebanon on Fire by 4WardEver Campaign UK with CC licence from Flickr https://www.flickr.com/photos/4wardever/5021373662/in/photolist-8DHRrY-8DHQWE-8DHRtJ-8DEJdX-8DHQZf-8DEJT2-8DEJoP-8DHR2S-8DHQVE-8DEJUr-8DHRwN-6uqTDu-8PLeDe-afWQ37-dauXfH-8sikhN-fZNFTV-oStUNn-8DEJKV-8DHR9q-8DHRyy-8DHRoh-8DHRmb-8DHRch-8DEJBP-8DHRg7-8DEJPF-8DHR83-6uqTGW-6umQZ8-6umP96 George Joffé 20 April 2015
The radically transformed picture of Middle Eastern and North African affairs from that of a year ago is testament to the powerful dynamics that have been unleashed by the political crises in Iraq, Syria and Libya. They have resulted in the emergence of a new variant of political and religious extremism that has successfully challenged... more  
The future of the Middle East and North Africa
February 23 - Risk by Scott Hamlin with cc license from Flickr George Joffé 20 August 2013
Despite the expectations born of the Arab Spring 30 months ago, the outlook for the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region looks much more clouded today. The crisis in Egypt has underlined the difficulties of democratic governance within an Islamic context, the struggle in Syria has worrying regional implications and the general pr... more  
Balanced on a knife-edge: the future of Libya’s new state
Libya GNC elections - Voting day by United Nations Development Programme George Joffé 5 September 2012
Given the lack of pre-existing institutions in Libya, it is difficult to see how a fragmented population with strong tribal loyalties in a country with a significant presence of armed factions can construct a state without risking a descent into chaos. However, the peaceful outcome of elections in July, the promise of a new constitutio... more  
Syria: the proxy war
Feb 11 2012, government supporters wave red-and-white Bahrain by FreedomHouse George Joffé 24 August 2012
The struggle in Syria has been slowly transformed from a non-violent populist demand for change into what is today a civil war with global implications as regional and global powers are drawn into the conflict. Iran and Saudi Arabia see Syria as a surrogate arena for their struggle for regional dominance. The United States, with its al... more  
The regional implications of the conflict in Syria
Baghdad cafe - mapa by imarigorta George Joffé 22 May 2012
The conflict in Syria poses severe problems to regional states as to whether or not they should intervene and to what end intervention could be directed. Thus Iran, backed by Iraq and Hizbullah in Lebanon, seeks to support Damascus as part of its position in the Middle East. In response, Saudi Arabia and the Gulf states seek an end to... more  
Libya: victory is but the first step
Tobruk, Libya by Reuters/Asmaa Waguih under a Creative Commons license George Joffé 16 September 2011
Now that the civil war is virtually over, Libyans face the massive task of reconstructing their country and establishing a completely new system of governance. And they face a range of challenging problems while doing so. Firstly, the remnants of the Qaddafi regime, although forced from power, still threaten the future state, especiall... more  
Libya – glad confident morning? The ironies of intervention
Mideast Lybia by شبكة برق | B.R.Q in Flickr George Joffé 6 July 2011
Since February 2011 nothing has happened to encourage Colonel Qaddafi to compromise; indeed, just the opposite, for now his sole legacy, the unique jamahiri political system under which Libya was governed, is challenged – an action of political apostasy for a man who considers himself a statesman of world stature for the develo... more  
From Tunisia to Egypt: implications for North Africa (II)
George Joffé 10 February 2011
The Tunisian and Egyptian people have shown that they want democracy and respect for the individual. Although moderate political Islam has rejected extremism, Europe and the US still fear these movements because of false linkages with extremist violence says George Joffé.   more  
From Tunisia to Egypt: implications for North Africa
publication George Joffé 7 February 2011
The Tunisian and Egyptian people have shown that they want democracy and respect for the individual. Although moderate political Islam has rejected extremism, Europe and the US still fear these movements because of false linkages with extremist violence says George Joffé.   more  
Western Sahara: Conflict Without End?
publication George Joffé 15 March 2009
Is there any chance for a compromise in the near future in the conflict about Western Sahara? more  

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