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About NOREF

Clare Castillejo

Clare Castillejo is a research associate at the Overseas Development Institute. She specialises in governance and rights in fragile states, with a particular interest in inclusive peacebuilding and statebuilding, and has worked with donors, UN agencies, think tanks, and NGOs on a range of conflict- and peacebuilding-related issues. Her main regions of expertise are South Asia, West Africa, and the Middle East and North Africa. She has an MA in the anthropology of development from the University of London.

Research areas:  Asia , Inclusivity and gender , Peace processes and mediation , Global trends

Publications

Women political leaders and peacebuilding
NLD candidate meets the local contact_judithbluepool_(CC BY-NC 2.0) Clare Castillejo 12 May 2016
Over the past 15 years there has been growing recognition of the gender-differentiated impact of conflict, the opportunities to promote women’s rights that post-conflict peacebuilding processes provide and – crucially – the value that women bring to peacebuilding. Yet in many conflict-affected settings women’s participation and leaders... more  
The role of ex-rebel parties in building peace
Maoists_looking_for_votes By Francisco Anzola CC BY 2.0 Clare Castillejo 16 March 2016
Political parties can play an important part in shaping the direction of post-conflict peacebuilding, and parties that emerge from rebel movements have a particularly central role to play in this regard. While such groups are often uniquely placed to articulate the grievances that underlie the conflict and channel these into political... more  
Political parties and peacebuilding
Well_red_Sirensongs with CC licence from Flickr CC BY 2.0 Clare Castillejo 27 January 2016
International peacebuilding actors have so far been wary of engagement with political parties. However, there is growing recognition of the importance of working with local political systems, institutions and parties in the promotion of peace. It is therefore important that international actors strengthen their understanding of politic... more  
Political parties and the social contract in fragile states
https://www.flickr.com/photos/ingmar/3933912349/in/photolist-6ZCk5Z-6ZCxxt-iKpMq4-fkHgcx-fkXq9f-fkXpAE-fkXqGJ-fkXpeb-fkHeFr-fkXqvh-fkHf2T-fkHfnD-fkHeQX-fkXp2U-fkHeXR-fkXoZs-fkXqAE-fkHf5D-fkXqid-fkXpHd-fkHgmM-fkHfMF-fkHfqz-fkHesp-fkHg6T-fkXpjQ-fkXoUN-fkXp8Q-fkXqLE-fkXqfu-fkXqmY-fkXpYm-fkHg2e-fkHfag-fkHftk-fkXq6h-fkXpUQ-fkXpCA-6ZGwT5-6ZChn6-6ZCrVT-6ZGuvd-ppERu2-ooJ1pp-49xWUG-49xVZb-49xWP7-49xWzU-49tRw8-6ZGeEw Clare Castillejo 28 January 2015
Political parties have a unique role to play in mediating state-society relations and shaping the social contract. However, in many fragile contexts weak and dysfunctional political parties act to undermine rather than strengthen the social contract. more  
Promoting inclusion in political settlements: a priority for international actors?
Durbar crowd by Brigadier Chastity Crispbread adapted with cc license from Flickr: http://www.flickr.com/photos/97938415@N00/3776801969/in/photolist-6KK6Dk-6KPcSh-d9UdnD-5X5hQ-bF36is-cf9BKm-cjJXGN-975jAX-9TYwgs-975j1c-4GgT27-cjGYXd-6dQ6wc-7zxwmK-gxBwug-cUGszq-cUFwkf-cKqfyb-cKqd9m-9XN5PS-6dUekY-4LHTAz-cUFjgY-f3osCN-bF31EC-bTWL6g-bF31HG-9j9yzW-7eKNym-6eYTvE-ahPMMk-4742di-7FtMbq-7FtMbA-7FtMbs-7FtP3S-7FtP3Q-7FtP3L-7FtP3A-7FtMbd-7FtMbw-7FtP3u-7FtMbG-wDEx7-66u9D7-akWJu6-baGWbP-6i4Qh-bK8akP-5xfqNY-bUsUdL Clare Castillejo 13 March 2014
There is growing evidence of the importance of inclusive political settlements in enabling a sustainable exit from conflict, particularly in contexts where exclusion has been a major conflict driver. Similarly, at the policy level many international actors working in fragile contexts are seeking to strengthen their work on political se... more  
Nepal’s elections: new prospects for peacebuilding?
CPN-M Congress by natalioperez with cc license from Flickr Clare Castillejo 11 November 2013
This expert analysis examines the main internal and external blockages to peacebuilding in Nepal. It explores the factors that led to the stalling of the Nepalese political process, from the weakness of the country’s political parties to the rise of polarised, identity-based politics. more  
Pakistan’s 2013 elections: what implications for exclusion and fragility?
 Juxtapose by lukexmartin with cc license from Flickr Clare Castillejo 7 June 2013
Pakistan’s election result was a vote for the status quo and has clearly maintained power in the hands of the country’s political elite. However, analysis of the election process and outcome does indicate some shifts in the deeply entrenched patterns of political, social and economic exclusion that fuel Pakistan’s fragility. more  
China’s impact on conflict and fragility in South Asia
Huangpu Military Academy, Guangzhou by Eduardo M. C. under CC license on Flickr Clare Castillejo 25 January 2013
China is expanding its engagement across South Asia, with significant implications for the region’s most fragile states. Western donors and peacebuilding actors are aware of this changing context and concerned about their resulting loss of influence. Yet they have so far failed to develop a coordinated response or to engage effectively... more  
Gender, fragility and the politics of statebuilding
Local women attend gram sabha, local village meeting, Barrod village of Rajasthan’s Alwar, India. By UN Women/Gaganjit Singh Chandok Clare Castillejo 17 October 2012
Internationally supported statebuilding processes offer an opportunity to address engrained gender inequalities and develop a state that is accountable to women. However, international statebuilding support has so far been largely gender blind, with the result that such opportunities are often missed. This report examines how the inter... more  
Exclusion: a hidden driver of Pakistan’s fragility
An old beggar by Aam1r Javed Clare Castillejo 26 April 2012
Deep rooted patterns of exclusion are driving Pakistan's fragility. However, these have not been given sufficient attention by the international community. This policy brief examines the complex relationship between exclusion and conflict in Pakistan and explores how international actors can respond to this. more  

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